Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011), was an Indian-American biochemist who shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed how the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. Khorana and Nirenberg were also awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in the same year.
Khorana was born in Raipur, British India (today Tehsil Kabirwala, Punjab, Pakistan) and later moved to become an Indian citizen after the partition of 1947.
- Molecular biology
- MIT (1970–2007)
- University of Wisconsin, Madison (1960–70)
- University of British Columbia (1952–60)
- University of Cambridge (1950–52)
- Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (1948–49)
- Nobel Prize in Medicine (1968)
- Gairdner Foundation International Award (1980)
- Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize
- ForMemRS (1978)
- Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
- Padma Vibhushan
- Willard Gibbs Award
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