Do billy goats stink?

Yes, billy or male goats or bucks give out a strong, musky odour. It comes both from their scent glands located near their horns and their pee which they spray on themselves when in rut. It may be repulsive to us, but the males do so to attract does or female goats.

Bucks smell pretty much all the time, but the rut causes them to smell worse. They will urinate on themselves then more than any other time of the year.

Bucklings, or young male goats, usually start smelling like bucks when they become sexually mature. Since bucklings can become sexually mature as young as 2 months, you may have a stinky youngster at that age.

Most goat owners separate their bucks from other herd members to avoid tainting the milk with the smell and to avoid unplanned breedings. This provides the additional benefit of keeping the buck smell away from all the other animals. Some goat owners trim their buck's beards and wash their bellies, legs and heads to reduce the strong urine scent.

The best way to avoid the buck scent and behavior is to wether your buck. You can wether a buck using either a burdizzo or an elastrator. The burdizzo will crush the spermatic cord when used properly. The elastrator puts a strong rubber band around the top of the scrotum, which cuts off the blood flow to the scrotum and testes, causing them to fall off in a few weeks.

Credit : Pets on

Picture Credit : Google

Why can't tarsiers move their eyes?

Found on the islands of Southeast Asia, these tiny primates leap from tree to tree in search of insects and lizards. What is striking about them are their over-sized, round eyes. However, they cannot move their eyes around as their eyes are fixed within their eye sockets. To make up for the drawback, tarsiers have the ability to turn their head 180 degrees in each direction to spot prey as well as predators.

The tarsiers body proportions are similar to that of a kangaroo, with shorter front limbs and stretched out hind legs, but in the kangaroo it is mostly the shin - the tibia and the fibula bones - that are elongated. In the tarsier it is the calcaneum and navicular bones of the ankle, also known as the tarsal bones, that are freakishly long, and this is actually where the name tarsier comes from.

On the ground, the tarsier hops like a frog, but can also move with a quadrupedal walk. They are usually on the ground for just a few moments while they trap and eat an insect or two, then return to the trees.

The hands and feet have tiny, rounded tips, like suction cups. The thumb is not opposable, but the big toe is, and the hind foot is able to rotate drastically to allow grasping of branches in a variety of positions. There are flattened nails on all fingers and toes except the third and fourth toes, which have long, curved claws designed specifically for grooming.

Credit : Animal Facts Encyclopedia

Picture Credit : Google

Which is world's largest third-order island?

Victoria Island in Canada's Nunavut territory is the eighth largest island in the world and the second largest island in Canada. As of now, it houses the world's largest third-order island (an island in a lake on an island in a lake on an island), which measures about four acres. The third-order islet remains unnamed.

Amazingly, a third order inception is not in itself unique; a third order island is also found inside the crater lake of Taal Volcano Island in the Philippines, for example. But at four acres, the third order island in Canada is much larger than that of the Philippines, and possibly the largest in the world. 

It is quite possible that this small island has never been visited before. The nearest civilians live in Cambridge Bay, 90 miles away from this isolated island, and no roads come anywhere near. Hire a helicopter and you could be the first person to set foot on this sub-sub-sub island.

It is also quite possible, though, that this island is not the largest third order island in the world after all. The terrain of Victoria Island and nearly half of Canada is freckled with tiny, splotched lakes. This means that there is likely another—perhaps larger—third order island in another part of Canada. 

Credit : Atlas Obscura

Picture Credit : Google

How was bubble wrap invented by mistake?

Did you know that Bubble Wrap which we irresistibly squeeze and pop was an accidental invention? In 1957, engineer Alfred Fielding and chemist Marc Chavannes were trying to create a textured wallpaper. They sealed two plastic shower curtains together and what they got was a sheet of film with air-filled bumps across. Though initially disappointed, they quickly turned around their failure. And their creation went on to revolutionise the packaging industry, protecting thousands of fragile products transported worldwide.

To make the original version of Bubble Wrap, Fielding and Chavannes used two shower curtains and sealed them together with air bubbles in between. According to Joey Green in his book “The Bubble Wrap Book”, the two inventors set out to develop a machine that created a type of plastic wallpaper with a paper backing. But their machine ended up just creating sheets of plastic with air bubbles in between. Unsurprisingly, their plastic wallpaper wasn’t a hit, and it didn’t sell well. But luckily, they didn’t stop there.

After its failed introduction as wallpaper, Fielding and Chavannes set out to market Bubble Wrap as a material for greenhouse insulation. Although Bubble Wrap does have some insulating properties, it’s simply not as effective at insulating as other materials. That’s why it was no surprise that this idea also didn’t take off. Yet again, Bubble Wrap failed to ignite the market and get noticed by people.

Since then, Bubble Wrap continued to grow and a become a fundamental tool in the shipping industry. Today, Bubble Wrap is one of the most popular materials for packing and shipping goods, becoming as essential as cardboard boxes and Styrofoam. Bubble Wrap now comes in a variety of styles and designs, and it consistently earns Sealed Air (its manufacturer and trademark holder) hundreds of millions of dollars every year. Not bad for something that started out as wallpaper.

Credit : Box Factory

Picture Credit  Google

Why are magpies so intelligent?

Eurasian magpies are one of the most intelligent birds in the world. They may be having tiny brains, but they are smarter than we thought. They have even passed the mirror test which proves their ability to recognize themselves in a reflection. Self-recognition is a feat only mammals - humans, elephants, apes, dolphins - are capable of. Now won't you think "bird-brained" is not an insult but a compliment?

The common magpie is one of the most intelligent birds—and one of the most intelligent animals to exist. Their brain-to-body-mass ratio is outmatched only by that of humans and equals that of aquatic mammals and great apes. Magpies have shown the ability to make and use tools, imitate human speech, grieve, play games, and work in teams. When one of their own kind dies, a grouping will form around the body for a “funeral” of squawks and cries. To portion food to their young, magpies will use self-made utensils to cut meals into proper sizes.

Magpies are also capable of passing a cognitive experiment called the “mirror test,” which proves an organism’s ability to recognize itself in a reflection. To perform this test, a colored dot is placed on animals, or humans, in a place that they will be able to see only by looking into a mirror. Subjects pass if they can look at their reflection and recognize that the mark is on themselves and not another, often by attempting to reach and remove it. Passing the mirror test is a feat of intelligence that only four other animal species can accomplish.

Credit : Britannica

Picture Credit : Google