Who was Timothy Treadwell?

Timothy Treadwell was an American bear enthusiast, environmentalist, and documentary filmmaker and founder of the bear-protection organization Grizzly People. He lived among coastal brown bears (Ursus arctos), which he called grizzly bears, in Katmai National Park in Alaska for 13 summers

Beginning in the late 1980s, Treadwell began summering in Alaska. For 13 summers in a row, he would camp along the Katmai Coast, an area of Alaska well known for its large grizzly bear population. During the early part of the summers he would stay on the “Big Green,” a grassy area on Hallo Bay. Later, he’d move south to Kaflia Bay, an area with thick brush.

Big Green was good for sighting bears as the grass was low and visibility was clear. Treadwell called it the “Grizzly Sanctuary” since it was where they came to rest and mosey around the coast. The Kaflia Bay area, thicker and more densely wooded, was better for getting in close contact with the bears. Referred to as the “Grizzly Maze,” the area was full of intersecting grizzly trails and was much easier to hide in.

While camping, Treadwell would get up close and personal with the bears, and film all of the interactions on his video camera. Some of the videos even showed him touching the bears and playing with cubs. While he claimed he was always careful to develop a sense of trust and mutual respect, there were many who thought otherwise.

Picture Credit : Google

Who wrote Pickwick Papers?

The Pickwick Papers, in full The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, novel by Charles Dickens, first published serially from 1836 to 1837 under the pseudonym Boz and in book form in 1837. This first fictional work by Dickens was originally commissioned as a series of glorified captions for the work of caricaturist Robert Seymour. His witty, episodic accounts of the kindly, naive Samuel Pickwick and his friends in the Pickwick Club were instantly successful in their own right, however, and made Dickens a literary sensation.

The Pickwick Papers is a sequence of loosely related adventures written for serialization in a periodical. The action is given as occurring 1827–28, though critics have noted some seeming anachronisms. For example, Dickens satirized the case of George Norton suing Lord Melbourne in 1836.

The novel's protagonist Samuel Pickwick, Esquire is a kind and wealthy old gentleman, the founder and perpetual president of the Pickwick Club. He suggests that he and three other "Pickwickians" should make journeys to places remote from London and report on their findings to the other members of the club. Their travels throughout the English countryside by coach provide the chief subject matter of the novel. A romantic misunderstanding with his landlady, the widow Mrs Bardell, results in one of the most famous legal cases in English literature, Bardell v. Pickwick, leading to them both being incarcerated in the Fleet Prison for debt.

Pickwick learns that the only way he can relieve the suffering of Mrs Bardell is by paying her costs in the action against himself, thus at the same time releasing himself from the prison.

Picture Credit : Google

Who was Sunderlal Bahuguna?


            Hugging is not just an act to show that you love somebody; it also helps you to protect whomever you are hugging. Large numbers of men and women in a village in Uttarakhand hugged trees to protect them from deforestation agents. The act soon became a movement called the Chipko movement, a non-violent way of protesting against deforestation.



             Sunderlal Bahuguna, a noted Garhwali environmentalist, was a Chipko movement leader. The idea of Chipko movement originated from his wife and Bahuguna put it into practice. For years, he has been fighting for the preservation of forests in the Himalayas as a member of the Chipko movement. Bahuguna later spearheaded the Anti-Tehri Dam movement starting in the 1980s, which continued to early 2004. He was one of the early environmentalists of India, and later he and people associated with the Chipko movement started taking up environmental issues, such as protests against large dams.



              Chipko movement started in 1973 spontaneously in Uttarakhand, in an effort to save trees and forests from felling by forest contractors. Sunderlal Bahuguna used the Satyagraha methods, and repeatedly went on hunger strikes on the banks of the Bhagirathi as a mark of his protest.



Picture Credit : Google


How significant is Sunita Narain in the context of conservation of environment in India?


            Sunita Narain was born in Delhi and she started her career as an environmentalist at the early age of 21. Passionate about nature and a sustainable environment, she is a true champion of green living.



            As an Indian environmentalist and political activist, Sunita Narain has been a major proponent of the Green concept of sustainable development. She is director general of the India-based research institute, the Centre for Science and Environment, which works as a think tank on environment-development issues in India.



            She is also the director of the Society for Environmental Communications, and editor of the fortnightly magazine, Down to Earth. She made it to Time Magazine’s list of 100 Most Influential People in 2016.



            Sunita Narain is a member in many organisations that work in the field of environment. In 1991, she co-authored the work Global Warming in an Unequal World: A case of environmental colonialism.



            She has also co-edited a book called Green Politics: Global Environmental Negotiations in 2000. The book analyses the emerging ecological globalization framework.



           Sunita Narain was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2005.



Picture Credit : Google



 


What makes Mike Pandey a prominent figure among other Indian environmentalists?


              You can express your love and concern for nature through art too! Mike Pandey is an environmentalist who has made several films on animals and plants that need attention from human society.



              He has won over 300 awards for his work to spread awareness about biodiversity and species conservation. His works focuses on helping to conserve and protect key species such as whale sharks, elephants, tigers, vultures and horseshoe crabs.



              Pandey was born in Kenya and he later became an Indian citizen. He is the first Asian producer/director to win the Wild-screen Panda Award, also known as the Green Oscar, for his film The Last Migration—Wild Elephant Capture in Surguja. In 2000, his film Shores of Silence: Whale Sharks in India, won the Green Oscar for the second time. The film also led to the ban on the killing of whale sharks on Indian shores.



                  Pandey made his country proud again in October 2004 by winning the Green Oscar for the third time for his film Vanishing Giants, a story of his passion and involvement with elephants. This film also led to the ban of cruel and outdated techniques of elephant capture in India.



                 Mike is now working on his latest film, The Return of the Tiger, which is supported by Hindi film industry actors Amitabh Bachchan and John Abraham.



Picture Credit : Google