150th YEAR OF PUBLICATION - WAR AND PEACE


         



       



          2019 marks the 150th year of one of the greatest novels ever written - Leo Tolstoy’s ‘War and Peace’. This classic work from Russia was first published in the book form in 1869.



          Tolstoy took almost seven years to finish this epic work, and a Russian magazine named ‘Messenger serialized some portions of it during 1865-67. But the full novel came out as a book only in 1869. The story, woven around Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, covers a period of over fifteen years. The unique literary style and the historical context make ‘War and Peace’ a monumental work.



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125th YEAR OF PUBLICATION - THE JUNGLE BOOK



 



           Is there anyone who isn’t familiar with the famous character ‘Mowgli’? Hopefully none. The main character of the evergreen ‘The Jungle Book’, a collection of stories written by Rudyard Kipling, is a huge part of our childhood. ‘The Jungle Book’ was first published in1894.



           Mowgli is a human child raised by wolves in the jungle. In these tales, the animals proved to be both Mowgli’s allies and adversaries. Baloo the bear, Bagheera the panther along with many others, are Mowgli’s friends. But Shere Khan the tiger is his enemy. The stories are set in a forest in India.



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300th YEAR OF PUBLICATION - ROBINSON CRUSOE


 



 



               Daniel Defoe’s ‘Robinson Crusoe’ has fascinated readers around the world, for the last 300 years. Daniel Defoe was an English writer, famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe that was published in 1719.



                The story is about a shipwrecked man called Robinson Crusoe, and his adventures on a deserted island where he is washed ashore. One reason for its popularity is that it is packed with excitement and adventure, with sailing ships, stormy seas, and guns. Without doubt, Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe established a realistic style of fiction, and set the tone for modern novels.



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100th ANNIVERSARY - THE JALLIANWALA BAGH


 



              The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a turning point in our freedom movement. The British troops under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer, opened fire on unarmed Indians on 13th April 1919. This event took place in the heart of Amritsar. Hundreds were killed, and thousands were injured. This was followed by widespread protests across a grieving country.



                 Many Indians became convinced that the British had to be paid back in their own coin - that violence had to be met with violence. The 100th anniversary of that cruel incident falls this year.



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150TH ANNIVERSARY - PERIODIC TABLE


          The periodic table gives us information about element symbols, atomic numbers, and atomic weights. It brings order to information about the chemical elements and helps chemists to understand why elements react as they do.



           The milestone in the development of the periodic table was set by the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869, who is acknowledged as the ‘father’ of the periodic table though the title is also claimed by the German scientist Lothar Meyer. Today, the periodic table organizes the elements by order of increasing atomic number.



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