When was the takahe bird rediscovered?

        The takahe was once thought to be extinct. By 1898, ornithologists had come to the conclusion that the last bird had died due to introduced predators and grazing animals. However, in 1948, a small Population of the bird was discovered in a remote valley in New Zealand.

       The takahe bird is also known as the South Island takahe or notornis. It is a flightless bird, endemic to New Zealand. The Colour of the bird is mainly purple-blue with a greenish tinge on its back and inner wings. It has a broad and powerful bill. Its length is about 63 centimetres and weighs about 2.7 kilograms. Today the species is under Close watch and is managed by the New Zealand Department of Conservation.

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Which is the national bird of Nepal?

       Commonly spotted India, the Himalayan monal is the national bird of Nepal.

       The bird has a blue back and green neck. It has other colours too, such as orange and yellow, all shining in metallic splendour.

       The male bird of the Himalayan monal is about 70 centimetres long. The female tends to be shorter in length. Their plumage is not as brilliant as the males; they are streaky brown in appearance.

       As their name suggests these birds are found in the Himalayas especially in the open forests and meadows. They can live in high altitudes even up a height of 4500 metres. They are well adapted to the cold climate and snow.

       Their legs are equipped to dig into the ground through snow. They eat roots, seeds, berries, shoots and invertebrates.

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What is special about the Narina trogon bird?

        A reticent and shy bird, the Narina trogon spends much of its time perching motionless in an upright position amongst high branches of trees. They are found in pairs. They relish insects, particularly caterpillars. They usually snatch their prey from a branch and return to their perch to eat.

      It does not socialize much with other birds. The bird is sometimes so absorbed in itself that when it is disturbed, it might just turn around to conceal its crimson belly. Largely green and red in colour, the Narina trogon is a medium-sized bird found across Africa. It is considered of least conservation concern as it is found in abundance.

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What important role does the green broadbill in nature?

       Many birds perform important functions that help to sustain life on earth. The green broadbill is one such bird. It plays an important role in the ecosystem by disseminating seeds in its droppings.

       The green broadbill is a small green bird with three black bars on each wing. The bird tends to remain camouflaged in the green canopy of trees. It prefers to inhabit dense rainforests.

       The bird comes down to the lower branches for foraging. Although they eat insects and worms, their diet primarily consists of soft fruits such as figs and other vegetation.

       Also known as the lesser green broadbill, it is distributes in broadleaved evergreen forests of Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula where it frequents lowland and lower Montana rainforests.

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Why is the cockatiel a preferred pet?

        The cockatiel is a prized pet throughout the world. The bird belongs to the cockatoo family Endemic to Australia; they prefer to live in wetlands, scrublands and bush lands.

       Cockatiels are easy to breed. Therefore, their popularity among pet owners is only second to that of the budgerigar birds, otherwise known as lovebirds. These birds have a distinct erectile crest; experts say that the crest can express the bird's emotional state. When the bird is startled or excited, the crest goes dramatically vertical.

       The long tail feathers of the bird measure up to half the length of its body. The cockatiel is the smallest among the cockatoos with a maximum length of about 33 centimetres.

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