I am interested in a career in film direction

I am interested in a career in film direction. Is this a safe career option? What are the skills one should have to enter this field? Should I join a film school after completing my graduation in commerce or after Std XII?

Film directors are responsible for the overall shape or treatment of the film. They should be able to give the right instructions to the technical experts in order to obtain the desired results. To get into film direction you not only need a passion for film-making but also skills like leadership qualities, ability to bring out talent in others, creative instincts as well as managerial and administrative abilities.

There are diploma, post diploma and even certificate courses available throughout India. A good course introduces aspiring directors to the craft of film-making and the art of visual narrative. Some of the institutes include: Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune; Whistling Woods International, Mumbai; Zee Institute Of Media Arts (ZIMA), Mumbai; Asian Academy of Film and TV.

Different institutes have different eligibility and admission criterion. Duration and eligibility of a course depends on the course one opts for and the institution chosen. For example, FTII offers a three-year PG diploma in direction for which eligibility is a bachelor's degree.

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My dream is to be a magazine journalist

My dream is to be a magazine journalist. I constantly read magazines and am fascinated by them. I've always wanted to work at a successful magazine. I would like your advice about qualifications, how to work in a magazine company, etc. that could help me with a career in the industry.

To become a journalist, you should go for courses like Bachelor's in Journalism/Mass Communication. Many corporations do not require a specific specialization and some students do perform quite well without specialized education in journalism. However, an advanced degree can offer an edge, it does teach the basics of journalism; what is news, how to gather information, how to think on your feet, how to conduct an interview, how to write a good story, etc.

Journalism is not all glamour; it is serious and responsible work. Join this field only if you're passionate about knowing what is really happening in society and conveying it correctly to the readers. Meanwhile, to develop your communication skills, start writing, maybe for your school magazine or some website or even a magazine like The Teenager Today. Maturity, objectivity and a sensible train of thought are essential.

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I want to do B.M.M

I want to do B.M.M. Is there a good scope in Mumbai? What are the job opportunities in this field?

Bachelor in Mass Media (BMM) teaches students the skills necessary for careers in reporting, writing and editing functions with newspapers, wire services, magazines and special publications. It has been designed to provide students with a firm grounding in communication skills, critical thinking and creativity.

During the course, emphasis is given to field assignments and practicals. A good course in journalism gives you the chance to do an internship with some of the best names in business, besides teaching the basic skills.

Students of B.M.M. are usually employed by newspapers and magazines, television channels, radio stations, websites and other media. Some of them do freelance work. Due to an increase in the number of TV channels, radio stations, websites, suburban weekly and daily newspapers there is an increase in jobs in this field. Some find this field too stressful and hectic, or don't like the lifestyle and transfer to public relations or advertising work.

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What is a bridging shot?

Films are stories told through the visual medium. And the camera is a filmmakers pen. To keep the viewers glued to the screen, filmmakers have to employ numerous visual ploys, including camera techniques and special effects. Today, let's look at one such creative technique called bridging shot.

What it does:

These shots are inserted in a film to indicate the passage of time between two scenes. Much like a literal bridge, they connect two scenes to allow time jumps in the narrative.

Such shots are necessary to maintain the film's pace. Some commonly used bridging shots are calendar pages flying, montages of newspaper headlines, and time-lapse shots of clouds passing, and lines drawn across a map to indicate travel.

Where was it used:

In "New Moon", the second film in the "Twilight" saga, the scene with Bella Swan sitting in front of a window watching the seasons change, is a classic example of bridging shot. So, the next time you watch a film, keep your eyes open for a bridging shot and try to identify its purpose.

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What are different types of media?

MEDIA

The many ways people seek to communicate information to a large audience are known as the media. This communication can be in written, spoken, printed, or digital form. Throughout history, leaps in technology from the invention of printing to growth of the Internet have led to better, faster ways of reaching people. Today, information can be relayed around the globe in seconds.

DIGITAL MEDIA

The word “digital” refers to the way that information is turned into number-based codes before being sent or stored via electronics. The Internet is the key form of digital media, and has opened up mass media to the individual. Anyone with a blog or website can express opinions to a huge audience.

CONVERGENCE

In this digital age, media content is available on many different platforms. News, films, and television programmers can be viewed on Smartphones, tablets, computers, and smart televisions. In addition, these digital devices also enable people to create as well as consume media content, via social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter.

TELEVISION AND FILM

Since the early broadcasts of the 1930s, television has brought news and entertainment to a wide audience. Today, television and films can be watched from home. DVDs, smart televisions, and online streaming services, such as Netflix, allow viewers to choose between thousands of shows, as well as record, pause, and rewind them.

RADIO

In 1938, a radio dramatization of The War of the Worlds in the United States convinced many listeners that an actual Martian invasion was in progress. Today, radio stations still fill the airwaves with music, talk, news, and drama.

GLOBAL NETWORKS

Media is a global business. The majority of the world’s media outlets are controlled by just a handful of international companies. Satellites orbiting Earth transmit television broadcasts around the world.

NEWSPAPERS

Published daily or weekly, newspapers contain news, information, feature stories, and advertising. China leads the world with more than 100 million copies circulating daily. Today, many papers are available to read online.

MAGAZINES

The content of a magazine does not usually date as quickly as that of a newspaper. Magazines may cover current events or they may be aimed at a specific audience, for example, movie or music fans.

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