Which mountain goat with highest number of species is found in Munnar, Kerala?

The Nilgiri Tahr is an endangered mountain goat species, their numbers dwindling due to lack of natural habitats and heightened poaching. However in Eravikulam National Park, Munnar Nilgiri Tahr finds its safe shelter along with other species of unique animals, birds and butterflies.

The male Nilgiri Tahr is larger and darker when compared to its female counterpart which is famous for its silvery saddle like patch on its back. The breeding season of the Tahrs is between June and August and the maturation period is approximately six months. As newly born calves are very susceptible to diseases and disturbances, human presence is absolutely not tolerated during such times. The offspring follow their mothers for first two months and go along with their mothers to the Rajamala Tourism Region. The approximate population of Nilgiri Tahr has shown slight progress in its number. Tigers, leopards and wild dogs are the main predators of this mountain goat.

Eravikulam National Park is very popular in Kerala especially for the way it has preserved the species of Nilgiri Tahr. It closes during the calving or birthing season of Nilgiri Tahr which is mostly from February to April, which is to give utmost care for this endangered species.


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The Odisha coast is home to one of the largest mass nesting sites in the world for which sea turtle species?

The eastern Indian state of Odisha is known worldwide for seasonally hosting olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) en masse as they visit the seashore along the Bay of Bengal for mass nesting. This spring (March 2020), however, heralded a surprise for the marine conservationists and state forest department, who witnessed mass nesting of the species during the day after nearly seven years.

Local government officials taking care of the sea turtles told Mongabay-India that the daytime nesting along the Rushikulya rookery was recorded after seven years.

The olive ridley turtle is considered the most abundant sea turtle in the world, with an estimated 800,000 nesting females annually. The olive ridley is globally distributed in the tropical regions of the South Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They are listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red list and are also protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

This year nesting at Rushikulya has been a little delayed due to recent torrential rains in the region. It usually starts in the third week of February and continues until the first week of March, officials said. This year, mass nesting started from March 21 and has continued till March-end, even during the day.


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The Sunderbans spanning India and Bangladesh is the world’s only mangrove habitat of which big cat?

The Sundarbans forest is the only mangrove in the world that harbours Bengal tigers as the ecosystem’s apex predator. Occupying approximately 10,000 sq km, it is the largest tiger habitat in India and Bangladesh and home to more than 4 million people. With limited space and resources, these characteristics also make it one of the most significant human-tiger conflict hotspots.

The Bengal tiger ranks among the biggest wild cats alive today. It is considered to belong to the world's charismatic megafauna. It is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. It used to be called Royal Bengal tiger.

The Bengal tiger's coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black; the belly and the interior parts of the limbs are white, and the tail is orange with black rings. The white tiger is a recessive mutant of the tiger, which is reported in the wild from time to time in Assam, Bengal, Bihar, and especially from the former State of Rewa. However, it is not to be mistaken as an occurrence of albinism. In fact, there is only one fully authenticated case of a true albino tiger, and none of black tigers, with the possible exception of one dead specimen examined in Chittagong in 1846.


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In India, which endangered deer species is found only in the Loktak Lake area in Manipur?

The sangai or the Indian Eld’s deer resides as an isolated single population in the world’s only floating national park in Manipur ? the grassland-dominated Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP).

Culturally, the sangai finds itself imbedded deep into the legends and folklore of the Manipuris. Based on a popular folk legend, the sangai is interpreted as the binding soul between humans and the nature. The slaying of the sangai, an unpardonable sin, is conceived as the rude breaking up of the cordial relationship between humans and the nature. When humans love and respect the sangai, it is respecting nature. In the sangai, therefore, humans find a way of expressing their love for the nature. Socially, the sangai is the symbol of a prized possession of the state.

It is believed that the name sangai was coined from its peculiar posture and behaviour while running. By nature, the deer, particularly the males, even when running for its life stops occasionally and looks back as if he is waiting for someone and hence the name.


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Every year, the Doyang reservoir in Nagaland witnesses the world’s single largest congregation of which small raptor that migrates from its breeding grounds in Russia and China?

Doyang, in Pangti village of Wokha district, witnesses one of the biggest congregations of these migratory birds because of which now Nagaland is a declared 'Falcon Capital of the World'. The Amur Falcon Conservation Week & Festivals will be held from November 8 to 10 every year and this year (2018) is its first edition. This indeed is a big and happy news when it comes to Amur falcon conservation. Nagaland and these falcons have come a long way from the days of rampant hunting to Nagaland's present-day status as a safe haven to these winter visitors. 

The main objective behind this initiative is not only to spread the word on the importance of wildlife conservation but also to highlight the fragile human-nature relationship and the need to understand it. The three-day event is a combination of wildlife conservation and many festivals that will highlight the rich culture, tradition and custom of the Lotha Nagas.

The event will also have a three-day music festival; water sports; food festivals (indigenous recipe contest, open air ethnic cooking competition to name a few); outdoor activities like angling, camping, trekking, cycling; adventure sports like off-roading, ziplining, mountain terrain biking competition. Focus will also be given on eco-tourism by promoting homestays, local guides, boating and workshops with experts in the field. 


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