Har Gobind Khorana


Har Gobind Khorana



Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) was an Indian American biochemist. While on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin, he shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell and control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. Khorana and Nirenberg were also awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in the same year.



Fields




  • Molecular biology



Known for




  • First to demonstrate the role of nucleotides in protein synthesis



Awards




  • Nobel Prize in Medicine (1968)

  • Gairdner Foundation International Award (1980)

  • Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize

  • ForMemRS (1978)

  • Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research

  • Padma Vibhushan

  • Willard Gibbs Award (1974)



Institutions




  • MIT (1970–2007)

  • University of Wisconsin, Madison (1960–70)

  • University of British Columbia (1952–60)

  • University of Cambridge (1950–52)

  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (1948–49)



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Swapan Chattopadhyay


Swapan Chattopadhyay is a particle accelerator physicist noted for his pioneering contributions of innovative concepts, techniques and developments in high energy particle colliders, coherent and incoherent light sources, ultrafast sciences in the femto- and atto- second regimes, superconducting linear accelerators and various applications of interaction of particle and light beams.



Fields




  • Physics



Institutions




  • Northern Illinois University and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (2014–)

  • Cockcroft Institute (2007–2014)

  • Universities of Liverpool, Manchester and Lancaster, UK (2007–2014)

  • Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (2001–2007)

  • University of California at Berkeley (1974–1982, 1984–2001, 2010–)

  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1976–1982, 1984–2001)

  • CERN (1982–1984, 2008–)



Known for




  • Particle accelerator science and technology



Awards




  • Fellow of American Physical Society,

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science,

  • Institute of Physics (UK), and

  • the Royal Society of Arts (UK)



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Srinivasa Ramanujan


Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician who lived during the British Rule in India. Though he had almost no formal training in pure mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems considered to be unsolvable.



During his short life, Ramanujan independently compiled nearly 3,900 results (mostly identities and equations). Many were completely novel; his original and highly unconventional results, such as the Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions, have opened entire new areas of work and inspired a vast amount of further research.



Known for




  • Landau–Ramanujan constant

  • Mock theta functions

  • Ramanujan conjecture

  • Ramanujan prime

  • Ramanujan–Soldner constant

  • Ramanujan theta function

  • Ramanujan's sum

  • Rogers–Ramanujan identities

  • Ramanujan's master theorem

  • Ramanujan–Sato series



Awards




  • Fellow of the Royal Society



Fields




  • Mathematics



Institutions




  • Trinity College, Cambridge



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Rajesh Gopakumar


Rajesh Gopakumar (born 1967 in Kolkata, India) a theoretical physicist is director of the International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS-TIFR) in Bangalore, India. He was previously a professor at Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI) in Allahabad, India. He is known for his work on topological string theory.



Awards




  • Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award,

  • ICTP Prize



Fields




  • String Theory,

  • Theoretical Physics



Institutions




  • Harish-Chandra Research Institute

  • Institute for Advanced Study



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Jagadish Chandra Bose


Jagadish Chandra Bose



Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was a polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist, and an early writer of science fiction from British India. He pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. IEEE named him one of the fathers of radio science. Bose is considered the father of Bengali science fiction, and also invented the crescograph, a device for measuring the growth of plants. A crater on the moon has been named in his honour.



Known for          




  • Millimetre waves

  • Radio

  • Crescograph

  • Contributions to plant biology



Awards




  • Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) 1903

  • Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) 1911

  • Knight Bachelor (1917)



Fields




  • Physics

  • biophysics

  •  biology

  • botany

  • archaeology

  • Bengali literature

  • Bengali science fiction



Institutions




  • University of Calcutta

  • University of Cambridge

  • University of London



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