Where is the world’s smallest country?

The smallest count in the world is the Vatican City. The Vatican is an independent and sovereign state within the boundaries of Rome in Italy.

   Although the Vatican has always been the spiritual and administrative centre of the Roman Catholic Church, it did not become an independent state until 1929.

    The city state has a daily news paper, a railway station, and its own bank. It has an area of 0.17 square miles and a population of about 1,000.

     There are no frontier formalities for those entering Vatican City where millions yearly visit St Peter’s and the exhibition galleries.

    The chief treasures to be seen are the Michelangelo frescoes in the Sistine Chapel, paintings by Raphael, Fra Angelico and Caravaggio, the frescoes of Pinturicchio and the codex Vaticanus of the Greek Bible.

Where is Guatemala situated?

               Guatemala is a largely mountainous country is located in Central America, south east of Mexico. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in south, and it has a narrow coastline on the Caribbean Sea.

               Guatemala is the most populated state in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion, also known as Guatemala City. The spoken languages are Spanish and about twenty Mayan languages, especially in rural areas. The Maya civilization was very advanced in math and astronomy.

               The country is home to more than 30 volcanoes, many of them still active. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821.

               The president of Guatemala is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

What are the specialities of Iceland?

               Iceland is an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and North America. The country is situated on a strategic location between North America and Europe, about 840 km North West of the United Kingdom and about 460 km south east of Greenland’s coast.

               Iceland’s extraordinary landscape offers hot springs and geysers, ice fields and volcanoes, glaciers and wild waterfalls. Iceland has 30 active volcanic systems, of which 13 have erupted since the settlement of the island in AD 874; only about 20 per cent of the country is habitable.

               The affluence enjoyed by Icelanders before 2008 initially rested on the fishing industry, but with the gradual contraction of this sector, the Icelandic economy diversified into new areas. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers. The official language is Icelandic. The currency is the Icelandic krona.

Is South Korea a small Asian country?

               Compared to the giants of Asia like India and China, South Korea is much smaller in size. Its total area is 100,032 square kilometres.

               South Korea is in Eastern Asia, and occupies the southern half of the Korean Peninsula and many islands. It borders both the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. Its only land border is with North Korea along the 238 km Korean demilitarized zone, a 4,000m strip of heavily guarded land separating the two countries. The capital of South Korea is Seoul.

               South Korea is a republic whose president is the head of state, and whose prime minister is the head of government. The president is elected for a single five-year term in office by popular vote.

               South Korea has one of the most homogeneous populations in the world, which are thought to be descended from several Mongol tribes that migrated from Central Asia. Tourism is a fast-growing industry in South Korea.

Picture credit: google

Where is Hungary situated?

               Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe, which borders no fewer than seven countries: Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. The country is mostly flat, with low mountains in the north.

                After centuries as a powerful medieval kingdom, Hungary was part of the Ottoman, and then Habsburg empires from the 16th century onwards, emerging as an independent country again after the First World War.

                Budapest, Hungary’s capital is the largest city, and metropolis. Hungary has a population of almost 9.8 million people. The official language is Hungarian. Interestingly, the Hungarian language is not related to any other major European language.

               Because of its situation within the Carpathian Basin, Hungary has a moderately dry continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels, but frequent rain showers, and cold snowy winters.

               Hungary has two main waterways, the Danube, and the Tisza Rivers. The currency of Hungary is the Forint.

Picture credit: google