Whole world call for Reduce - Reuse - Recycle, what is that?



You can help to make the world a safer, cleaner place. Just remember to: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.



Reduce waste by only buying the things you need. Try to reuse items or find new uses for them.



Recycle anything you cannot reuse.



 



Buy local foods and reduce packaging.



Reduce rubbish by encouraging your family to buy goods in local markets. Supermarkets often buy their foods from far-away countries. Lots of packaging is needed to protect the goods on the long journey. Foods grown locally often have less packaging, so why not buy them instead.



 





 



Reuse pots and containers.



All kinds of boxes, pots and bottles can find new uses at home. Cardboard boxes can be used to store books, toys or CDs. Plastic ice cream tubs can become lunch boxes. Glass bottles and jars can be used to hold pencils or flowers, or you can use them to grow plants. Decorate them with bright paints or stick on pictures from magazines.



 





Recycle old clothes.



Clothes you have grown out of can be taken to a local charity shop. They may be sold to raise money for the charity, or sent to a developing country.



Unwanted books, toys and household items can also be recycled at charity shops. Even old vinyl records can be recycled —they can be melted down and turned into bank cards.




 



Picture Credit : Google



How do they recycle Plastics material and cloths?

Plastic is cheap, tough and hard-wearing. No wonder so many things are made of plastic these days!



Plastic does not rot, however. So it often ends up in landfills. There are many different kinds of plastic. Some are hard to recycle.



Cloth is easier to recycle. It can be cut up and put into mattresses.



These sheets are made from recycled plastic.



A single bottle may contain several different types of plastic. So, at the recycling plant, plastics are sorted by hand or machine. The plastic is shredded into tiny flakes, which are melted and made into new things.



 





 



Your boots may contain recycled plastic.



Recycled plastic has many uses. Some is used to make garden chairs, fence posts, waterproof boots or new bottles. Other plastics provide stuffing for pillows and duvets or are made into fleecy coats.



 





Old clothes are cut into rags. They can be used for cleaning.



Worn-out clothes and other textiles can also be recycled. You can reuse them as cleaning cloths at home or send them for recycling.



Some old clothes are cut into rags and used to wipe machinery. Other clothes are ripped up and the threads woven to make new clothes or used to stuff seats and mattresses.



 





If you use cloth bags it cuts down on litter.



Most supermarkets hand out plastic bags to their customers to carry home their shopping. Because the bags are free, we often just throw them away at home.



Some supermarkets have started charging for the bags. This encourages people to reuse them or to use strong cloth or canvas bags instead. This cuts down on the litter and waste caused by old plastic bags.



Picture Credit : Google


Do you know something about recycling of metal?

We make metals by digging up minerals and then heating them in a hot fire or furnace.



Minerals like silver, copper and lead are hard to find. So, people do not usually throw them away. But we do throw away lots and lots of steel and aluminium cans.



Luckily, it is easy to recycle metals, which saves minerals and energy.



This hot furnace is making iron.



Iron is a tough metal made by melting iron ore, limestone and coke from coal in a furnace. By adding carbon and other minerals, iron can be made into even tougher steel. Steel is used to build ships, trains, bridges and buildings.



Valuable metals like iron and steel are often recycled. Most steel objects now contain some recycled metal.





 



This giant magnet picks up steel cans.



Cans to store food and drink are mostly made from steel or aluminium. At the recycling plant, a large magnet is often used to pick out the steel cans. These are reheated in a furnace to make new products. The steel in your empty drink can could end up in a steel support high on a skyscraper, or as a paper clip!



 





 



 



Mines spoil wild places.



Metals are found underground as ores. When ores are mined, wild places are destroyed and huge piles of waste rock are left behind. By recycling metals we can avoid new mines and reduce waste and pollution.



 





 



 



You can use a magnet to test metals.



A magnet can separate different metals because iron and steel are magnetic, so they stick to the magnet. Aluminium is not magnetic, so it does not stick.



 



At home, use a magnet to test cans, bottle tops, foil trays and tin foil to find out if they are magnetic. All of these metal items can be recycled.



Picture Credit : Google



 

How do we recycle paper?


We throw away lots of paper and card each day. But we can recycle this waste to make new books, comics and even banknotes.



When we recycle paper and card, it saves materials and energy. We also help to protect wild forests where animals live.



These trees will be cut down to make paper.



Wood is the main raw material used to make card and paper. Most timber used to make paper comes from conifer trees grown on special plantations.



Wild habitats, such as bogs and heaths, are sometimes cleared to plant these forests. Recycling paper means that fewer timber forests are needed. So, recycling can help to save wild places and the animals that live in them.





 



 



The grey cardboard inside a cereal packet is recycled.



Newspapers and magazines have lots of ink on them. When they are recycled, it is cheaper not to remove all the inks. That is why recycled cardboard is grey! Clean, white paper is the best paper for recycling. It can be made into writing paper.



 





 



 



 



Old newspapers can be made into toilet paper.



All sorts of products, including toilet paper and toilet rolls, are now made from recycled paper.



Look out for recycling symbols that show materials have been recycled. We can also avoid wasting paper by reusing envelopes and writing on both sides of paper. Ask your teacher if paper is recycled at your school.





 



 



You can also recycle your Christmas tree.



Christmas trees are also grown on conifer plantations. Many councils now provide special recycling points where trees can be left after Christmas.



So, instead of dumping your tree, recycle it! The trees are cut into chips to make rich compost which can be put on the garden to fertilise the soil.



Picture Credit : Google



 


 


How can we recycle glass?


Glass is one material that is easy to recycle. Like metal and paper, it is made with raw materials from the natural world.



The more we recycle the fewer raw materials we need. Recycling materials like glass also saves energy.



Glass is made in a furnace.



Glass is made from sand and limestone. These raw materials are mined from the ground and heated in a furnace. They melt to make a hot, runny mixture. This is shaped by being blown or poured into moulds. The red-hot mixture cools to form glass.



 





 



This broken glass is ready to recycle.



Glass can be made from recycled bottles and jars instead of fresh sand and limestone. The used glass is smashed up to form a substance called cullet. The cullet is then reheated. The furnace does not need to be so hot to melt cullet, so recycling glass saves energy as well as raw materials.



 





 



At a bottle bank we sort glass into different colours.



First, wash your used bottles and remove the lids before you take them to the bottle bank. Most bottle banks have separate holes for brown, clear and green glass, so the glass is sorted before it goes to the recycling plant. As well as bottles, recycled glass can be used to make glass bricks, tiles and fibreglass boats or canoes.



 





 



 



Glass can be reused, so avoid plastic bottles.



Reduce waste by asking your family to buy milk and juice in glass bottles instead of plastic bottles or paper cartons.



Glass milk bottles are returned and refilled up to a dozen times. But plastic and paper cartons are used just once before being thrown away, and plastic bottles do not rot.



 




Picture Credit : Google