Which flower is known as the king of Himalayan flowers?

Brahma Kamal is a flowering plant native to the Himalayan region. Also known as the King of Himalayan Flowers, it is found at an altitude of around 4,500 metres. The flower, known to bloom after sunset and just once a year, has a strong fragrance. Its scientific name is Saussurea obvallata.

It is also popularly known as Orchid Cactus as the flower has orchid like beauty and plant resembles cactus in habit.

The Brahma Kamal plant found in Himalayas is often mixed with the plant seen growing on window sill in homes. It is the state flower of Uttarakhand.

Also recognized as the flower of Lord Brahma, it is considered very lucky if u see it bloom…

In Hindu drawings Brahma is seen sitting on a pink flower that is resembling lotus (Sanskrit:Kamal), which is Indian National flower. Hence people claim that the pink flower of Nelumbo nucifera to be Brahma Kamal

It is believed to bring in loads of good luck and prosperity and a home where the flowers bloom is very auspicious and lucky.

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What flower family is lettuce in?

Lettuce is member of the sunflower family. Both are part of the Asteraceae family, one of the most diverse and largest families of flowering plants. Many of the members of this family, including lettuce are grown as food crops. Others are considered ornamental, like asters, daisies and marigolds. This family also includes medicinal flowering plants such as chamomile and plants that produce oils used in cooking, such as the sunflower and safflowers plants.

Lettuce plants can have taproots or fibrous root systems. The leaves of domesticated varieties come in a wide range of colours, from shades of green to deep red and purple; variegated varieties have also been developed. Lettuces are harvested prior to flowering, as the “bolting” of the flower stalk elongates head lettuce, reduces the size of the leaves, and imparts a bitter flavour. The yellow flower heads produce achene fruits with feathery pappus structures for wind dispersal.

For successful cultivation, lettuce requires ample water, especially in warmer weather. During unseasonable weather, protection is furnished and growth stimulated with greenhouses, frames, cloches, or polyethylene covers. In many parts of the world, the cos, leaf, and butterhead types are most popular, though some varieties are difficult to ship and are commonly grown on truck farms or market gardens relatively close to markets. The crisphead varieties, well adapted for long-distance shipment, are popular in the United States.

 

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How does a hydrangea tell you what kind of soil your garden has?



Hydrangeas are shrubs with large showy flower heads. The flowers can be various colours, ranging from red to blue. The colour depends on the type of soil they are growing in. If your soil is rich in chemicals known as alkalines, the hydrangea flower will be pink, red or white, depending on the type you are growing. The opposite to alkaline soils are acid soils. Hydrangeas grown in these will produce blue or mauve flowers.



However, gardeners hydrangeas can cheat a bit if they want to. Pink-flowering hydrangeas can be encouraged to turn blue by feeding them a chemical called aluminium sulphate in autumn.



 



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Where is the famous valley of the roses?



The valley of the roses’ could be the title of a novel or a romantic film, one of many fantasies; instead it actually exists in Bulgaria.



It is a narrow valley (enclosed by two mountain chains and crossed by the Tundza, the principal tributary of the river Maritza) which at harvest time becomes a sea of roses, a unique spectacle. Until the height of summer every morning at the first signs of dawn the petal pickers fill their large sacks and hurry to deliver their product to be processed before the petals lose their fragrance.



Rose essence, known and appreciated in all parts of the world, is extracted from the petals.



 



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What happens if you touch a touch me not plant?



Many of us may have heard of or even seen or touched the touch-me-not plant also called the sensitive plant. The moment we touch it the plant quickly folds its leaves inward. It unfolds the leaves when it feels safe enough. The plants have different types of cells that help them fold in response to external stimuli (such as touch, heat light etc.), and unfold.



Scientifically known as Mimosa pudica, the touch-me-not plant spends a lot of energy not during this folding unfolding act. It loses a chance to photosynthesise too. And yet it continues to do this because scientists believe this behavior could have evolves as a response to guard itself against predators, especially herbivores. Closed or closing leaves are assumed to have several benefits. They could make it tougher for animals to detach the leaves from the stems the animals could be fooled into believing the plant is dying or dead and is of no use and the sudden closure of the leaves could shake off insects or even startle herbivores into moving away from the plant while all these are interesting by themselves, something even more fascinating came about in a 2014 study.



A group of researchers decided to study if plants could be “trained” to change their behaviour, and used touch-me-nots for the study. From a height of about 15 cm. test plants in pots were dropped onto foam. This was repeated, and after a point, the plants no longer folded their leaves, perhaps since they did not sense any harm. Intriguingly, even a month after this experiment, the plants remembered to not fold their leaves when the experiment was taken up again Scientists concluded that plants could "learn", a trait usually attributed to animals. And this learning could mean that by not folding their leaves the touch-me-nots could save energy.



 



Picture Credit : Google