Where can you find the fallen astronaut sculpture?

A sculpture on the Moon commemorates fallen astronauts. The 8.5 cm Fallen Astronaut sculpture by artist Paul Van Hoeydonck commemorates those who have died in the name of space exploration. The small figure depicts an astronaut in a spacesuit. In 1971, the number of astronauts who lost their lives was 14, and in their honour, the crew of Apollo 15 placed the sculpture next to a plaque listing the names of the eight American astronauts and six Soviet cosmonauts who died in service.

The project was done in secrecy, and it wasn't until after Apollo 15 had landed safely back on Earth that the existence of the sculpture was revealed.

But Van Hoeydonck claims he didn't know that the statue would be used to commemorate astronauts, he didn't approve of the name Fallen Astronaut, and he didn't even intend for the statue to be left lying down.

Picture Credit : Google

Who was the first person on the Moon?


First person on the Moon



One of the greatest adventures in history took place on July 20, 1969. A human being visited Earth’s closest neighbour in space. After a voyage of almost 386,000 kilometres across space, American astronaut Neil A. Armstrong became the first person to set foot and walk on the moon.



Four days earlier, the spacecraft Apollo 11 had been launched. On board were Michael Collins, the pilot, and two astronauts, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., and Neil Armstrong.



On July 20, Apollo 11 reached the moon and circled it in orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin entered the lunar module section of the spacecraft, called the Eagle, and separated it from Apollo 11. A blast of the Eagle’s engine sent it speeding down towards the moon’s surface.



There is no air on the moon, so the Eagle could not fly down like an aeroplane. It had to fall, at a speed of more than 3 kilometres per minute. Bursts from the engine slowed it down enough so that it landed gently. Apollo 11, with Collins on board, continued orbiting the moon.



That evening, Armstrong radioed to Earth, “The Eagle has landed.” Armstrong descended the ladder first. As he set foot on the moon, he said, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” After collecting rocks and soil samples, the two men rocketed part of the Eagle back up to Apollo 11.



Picture Credit : Google


What would it be like to live on the Moon?


Life on the moon would be dark, quiet, and uncomfortable. But living there would definitely improve your high jump!



Earth’s sky looks blue during the day because the air on Earth scatters blue light from the sun in all directions. But there is no air on the moon to scatter sunlight, so its sky is pitch-black. On Earth, air carries sound. On the moon, no sound can be heard.



During the day, the moon’s surface gets hotter than boiling water. During the night, the moon is colder than the coldest place on Earth.



We are held on the surface of Earth by the pull of Earth’s gravity. When we weigh ourselves, we are really measuring how hard the gravity is tugging on us.



The moon’s gravity is weaker than Earth’s gravity. On the moon, you would weigh one-sixth as much as you weigh on Earth. If you weigh 27 kilograms on Earth, you would weigh only 4.5 kilograms on the moon! You could also jump six times higher on the moon than you could on Earth. And you could lift very heavy objects that you couldn’t even budge at home on Earth.



Picture Credit : Google


What is the Moon like?


The surface of the moon is not the same all over. In some areas, it has broad, flat plains covered with powdery rock dust. In other areas, it has rugged mountains. It also has billions of round holes in the ground called craters.



Some of the craters are no bigger than a pencil point. Some are the size of a car tyre. And some are really enormous. The biggest crater on the moon is over 1,000 kilometres across.



What formed the moon’s craters and mountains? Chunks of rock called meteoroids move around the sun, just as Earth and the moon do. Sometimes these meteoroids crash into the moon. The moon and the meteoroids are moving so fast that the meteoroids make craters in the moon’s surface when they crash.



When meteoroids strike, they usually form walls of rock around the craters they make. Many of the moon’s mountains are really walls made by meteors.



Picture Credit : Google


What is an eclipse of the Moon?


An eclipse of the Moon



The night is clear, and a bright, full moon is shining. Slowly, a dark shadow begins to fall across the face of the moon. The shadow seems to move along until it completely covers the moon.



This event is called an eclipse of the moon, or a lunar eclipse. It takes place when Earth comes between the moon and the sun. The shadow creeping across the moon is the shadow of Earth!



What is Phases of the Moon? The moon seems to change from a thin crescent to a full circle. Each time the moon looks different, we say it is in a new phase. A phase is a change in the moon’s shape as it is seen from Earth.




  1. In the moon’s first phase, it can’t be seen at all. That is because the moon is between Earth and the sun. The sun is shining on the side of the moon that faces the sun, but there is no sunlight on the side that faces us. So all we see is darkness.

  2. After a day or two, the moon moves to one side of us. Then we can see a tiny bit of the side that is lit by the sun. We call this phase a crescent moon.

  3. After about seven days, we can see half of the moon’s sunlit side. This phase is called a half moon.

  4. After about two weeks, the moon is halfway around Earth from where it started. Now we can see the whole side of the moon that the sun is shining on. We call this phase a full moon. The moon keeps moving, and the part we can see gets smaller and smaller. Finally, the moon is between Earth and the sun again.



Picture Credit : Google