Where to find the world’s most famous waterfalls?



The most famous waterfalls in the world are at 500,000 tons of water rush over the Niagara precipice into a gorge below every minute and make this one of the best sources of hydroelectric power in America. The dull roar of the waters can be heard from a great distance. The people who live near the falls are used to the sound and would be quite nervous if it should suddenly stop. This almost happened one night in March 1848 when the waters of the river Niagara were blocked by huge masses of ice and the great falls were reduced to a trickle for a few hours.



There are two falls at Niagara and they are separated by a huge rock, called Goad Island. The larger of the falls is in Canada and the other is in the United States. Engineers have bored a tunnel in the rock through which people can go to see the marvelous spectacle. The falls are very beautiful in winter because of the ice round them. They are visited by over 4 million sightseers a year.



 



Picture Credit : Google


Is a waterfall a river?



A waterfall is a river or other body of water's steep fall over a rocky ledge into a plunge pool below. Waterfalls are also called cascades.



Often, waterfalls form as streams flow from soft rock to hard rock. This happens both laterally (as a stream flows across the earth) and vertically (as the stream drops in a waterfall). Many waterfalls in an area help geologists and hydrologists determine a region's fall line and underlying rock structure.



Waterfalls are also classified by height. Angel Falls, the world’s tallest waterfall, plummets 979 meters (3,212 feet) into a remote canyon in a rain forest in Venezuela. The water, from the Gauja River, often does not reach the bottom. The fall is so long, and so steep, that air pressure is stronger often than the water pressure of the falls. The water is turned to mist before it reaches the small tributary below.



 



Picture Credit : Google


In which river does Shivanasamudra Falls originate?



The Shivanasamudra Falls is on the Kaveri River after the river has found its way through the rocks and ravines of the Deccan Plateau and drops off to form waterfalls. The island town of Shivanasamudra divides the river into twin waterfalls. 



Shivanasamudra Falls is a waterfall in Chamarajanagar District of the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated along the river Kaveri, which forms here the boundary to the Mandya, and is the location of one of the first hydro-electric power stations in Asia, which was set up in 1902.The project was designed by Diwan Sheshadri Iyer.



The Gaganachukki waterfalls are best viewed from the Shivanasamudra watch tower. Most of the pictures showing the twin waterfalls are taken from that location. There is another approach to the Gaganachukki falls from the Darga Hazrath Mardane Gaib (Imam Ali). Despite warnings being posted, people climb down the rocks and attempt to view the waterfalls from behind/top, resulting in many fatal accidents. It is 139 km (86 mi) from the city of Bangalore.



 



Picture Credit : Google


Peraruvi, Aintharuvi, Shenbagadevi Falls and Thenaruvi are part of which famous waterfall in Tamil Nadu?



Courtallam falls is not just one but a set of nine falls settled close to each other in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. They are named as Peraruvi (Main Falls), Aintharuvi (Five Falls), Thenaruvi (Honey Falls), Chithirai Aruvi, Puli Aruvi (Tiger Falls), Shenbagadevi Falls, Pazhaya Aruvi (Old Falls), Puthu Aruvi (New Falls) and Pazhathotta Aruvi (Fruit Garden Falls). Besides, what adds more charm to the panoramic surroundings are the Western Ghats and the Chittar river where these famous waterfalls find their home.



Coutrallam Falls is located in Western Ghats to the South of Coutrallam town and to the north of Coutrallam Lower, the first lake in the descent of Chittar. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) from the nearest town Tenkasi and 59 km (37 mi) from the nearest city Tirunelveli. The place is frequented by animals like Tiger and Panther, which are frequently spotted in the route from Coutrallam Falls to Papansam as both are located close to Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.



The falls receives its waters during the South-west monsoon from May to September, but the maximum amount of rainfall is received during the North-east monsoon during October to December. The Kutralanathar Temple is located close to the main falls. The falls is usually frequented by devotees of the Papanasanathar Temple, who take a holy dip in the falls before visiting the temple. The falls is also frequented by tourists to Sabarimala during the November - December season in a religious circuit in the region and Agasthiyar Falls.



 



Picture Credit : Google


Which is the tallest human made waterfall in the world?



The Cascata delle Marmore is an ancient artificial waterfall with a total height of 165 meters makes it the tallest man-made waterfall in the world.



It appears to have been created by the Romans as a means of mitigating perceived health risks from wetlands formed by the source of the waterfall, the river Velino.



The waterfall consists of three discrete sections with the topmost the tallest part at around 83 meters. It is located in the Italian region of Umbria, just under 8km from Terni. 



Most of the time, the water in the canals above the falls is diverted to a hydroelectric power plant, so the flow in the falls themselves is heavily reduced. Piediluco Lake, above the falls, is used as a reservoir for the power plant. The Galleto power plant, built in 1929, is architecturally interesting. Its capacity is about 530 MW. To control the operation of the power plant, and to satisfy tourists, the falls are turned on according to a set schedule, achieving a spectacular effect at full flow.



 



Picture Credit : Google